Because K + has the greatest nuclear charge (Z = 19), its radius is smallest, and S 2− with Z = 16 has the largest radius.
Which ion has the largest radius?
1 Answer. Ernest Z. K+ has the largest radius.
Which ion is the smallest?
More the nuclear charge on ion, electrons are more strongly attracted and thus size decreases. Hence, among the given ions Al3+ is the smallest ion.
Which ion has the smallest radius quizlet?
Ca2+ would have the smallest ionic radius because Calcium has a positive charge, and because this ion is a cation, cations will have the smallest radius. So therefore, elements with a positive charge, will have a smaller ionic radius.
Which has the largest radius O or O 2?
O2− is larger than O because the increase in electron repulsions that accompany addition of an electron causes the electron cloud to expand. O2− is larger than O because O is neutral but O2− has a charge 2−. … S2− is larger than O2− because for particles with like charges, size increases going down a family.
Why is K bigger than Br?
Since potassium is located at the start of period 3, and bromine at the end of the same period, potassium will have a larger atomic radius than bromine, and thus the largest atomic radius of the four given atoms.
Which is larger k or k+?
These are electrons with “highest energy level”. When at neutral, the potassium ion in the form of K has an electronic configuration of: … The K+ ion has its outermost electrons on the third energy level now and is size is smaller than that of K ion. Hence, K is larger than K+.
Which ion is larger Ca2+ or Mg2+?
Cations are smaller than their parent atoms, and so the Ca2+ ion is smaller than the Ca atom. Because Ca is below Mg in group 2A of the periodic table, Ca2+ is larger than Mg2+. Consequently, Ca > Ca2+ > Mg2+.
Which is bigger Na or Na+?
Yes Na+ is smaller than Na because Na+ is formed when an electron is lost from the Na atom,Thus the effective nuclear charge increases bcz the number of protons exceeds the number of electrons . This results in bringing the valence shell a little closer to the nucleus because of a very strong nuclear pull.
Which has the largest atomic radius lithium or potassium?
Lithium has an atomic number of 3. It can be accomodated in 2shells. Because of the large atomic sells of Potassium, it’s atomic radius is Much larger than that of Sodium or Lithium.
Which of the following has the largest atomic radius?
So Cesium has the largest atomic radius among the given elements.
What is the order of increasing atomic radius?
Atomic radii vary in a predictable way across the periodic table. As can be seen in the figures below, the atomic radius increases from top to bottom in a group, and decreases from left to right across a period. Thus, helium is the smallest element, and francium is the largest.
Is Al3+ smaller than Mg2+?
As you go from Na+ to Mg2+ to Al3+, the number of protons in the nucleus increases and so pulls the outer electrons in more and more. … The smallest ion will be the one with the largest number of protons – Al3+; the biggest, the one with the least protons – N3-.
Which has a larger atomic radius Na or Na 1?
Ne will have bigger radius than Na+1 because in Ne there are equal number of electrons and the number of protons. … So due to the increased nuclear charge, as compared to the neutral Na atom, the stable configuration of Na atom gets disturbed and the electrons are pulled towards the nucleus.
Which is larger S2 or Ca2+?
For a) the neutral Ca atom has a larger radius than the Ca2+ ion. This is because the loss of electrons reduces the shielding effect between the electrons and the nucleus, so the attraction of the nucleus for the electrons is greater, reducing the radius. For b) S2− has a larger radius than the neutral S atom.