Part of the Andes mountain range, Aconcagua is the second highest of the Seven Summits (the highest peaks on each continent), behind only Mount Everest in Asia.
Which part of South America has the highest land elevation?
Aconcagua is widely accepted as the highest peak in the Western Hemisphere, but its precise elevation has been debated since the early 20th century. The Military Geographical Institute of Argentina documents its highest summit as 22,831 feet (6,959 metres) above sea level, a figure that has been in general use.
Which capital city in South America has the highest elevation?
However, if Sucre is specified, then Ecuador’s capital, Quito, is the national capital at the highest elevation.
Member and observer states of the United Nations.
Which is the highest point in South America?
Cerro Aconcagua, often referred to as simply Aconcagua, is a mountain in Argentina near its border with Chile. Aconcagua is the highest peak in the Western Hemisphere. It is more than 6,706 meters (22,000 feet) high, though the exact height of its highest peak has been the subject of some debate.
What is the elevation in South America?
At 22,831 feet (6,959 metres) above sea level, Mount Aconcagua, in Argentina, near the border with Chile, is not only the continent’s highest point but also the highest elevation in the Western Hemisphere.
What is the lowest elevation in South America?
World Land Areas and Elevations
|Area||Approximate land area sq. km||Elevation, feet and meters|
|NORTH AMERICA (includes Central America and the Caribbean)||24,474,000||Death Valley, Calif., 282 ft. below sea level (?86 m)|
|SOUTH AMERICA||17,819,000||Valdes Peninsula, Argentina 131 ft. below sea level (?40 m)|
Which countries in Latin America have the highest altitude?
Potosi, Bolivia at the foot of the Cerro de Potosi Mountain at an elevation of 4,090 meters. South America is well known for being home to the Andes, which are the longest chain of mountains in the world.
The Highest Cities in South America.
Which is world’s lowest lying capital city?
Baku is located 28 metres below sea level, which makes it the lowest lying national capital in the world and also the largest city in the world located below sea level. It is located on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula, alongside the Bay of Baku.
Which is highest capital city in world?
La Paz, administrative and de facto capital of Bolivia, stands at an altitude of 3,631 m (11,913 ft) above sea level.
Is Quito higher than La Paz?
At 3,650 m (11,975 ft) above sea level, La Paz is the highest capital city in the world.
The Highest Capital Cities in the World.
|1||La Paz, Bolivia||3640/11942|
Which country has the largest oil reserve in South America?
Crude oil reserves in Venezuela amounted to nearly 303 billion barrels in 2019, the largest reserves in both Latin America and the world. In the Latin American region, Brazil ranked second but far behind, with 12.8 billion barrels.
|Oil reserves in billion barrels|
How many countries make up South America?
It includes twelve sovereign states: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela; one region of France: French Guiana; and dependencies of sovereign state.
|Area||17,840,000 km2 (6,890,000 sq mi) (4th)|
|Dependencies||show External (1–3) show Internal (1–5)|
What is the highest point on North America?
On one end of the spectrum, Alaska’s Denali is the highest mountain in North America, rising to more than 20,000 feet above sea level.
What is the largest mountain range in South America?
Andes: World’s Longest Mountain Range
- The south face of Aconcagua, the highest peak in South America, at 22,841 feet (6,962 meters) above sea level. ( …
- The Andes Mountains stretch about 4,500 miles along the western coast of South America. ( …
- Machu Picchu was an Incan retreat for its emperor. ( …
- A male Andean condor flies above the highlands of Ecuador. (
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Where is the lowest elevation found?
The world’s lowest place on earth is the Dead Sea located in Jordan and Israel, with an elevation amounting to approximately 414 meters below sea level.
How does elevation affect climate in South America?
The high elevation causes some parts of South America to have a cold climate, only vegetation that can withstand cooler or cold temperatures can survive. … A warming of the ocean along the western coast of South America that occurs every few years and influences global weather patterns.