C1 or the atlas has the largest vertebral foramen, and it holds the spinal cord and dens.
Which thoracic vertebrae is the largest?
T1 is the smallest and T12 is the largest thoracic vertebra. The thoracic vertebrae are larger than the cervical bones and have longer spinous processes.
What is the largest vertebral body?
L5 has the largest body and transverse processes of all vertebrae. The anterior aspect of the body has a greater height compared to the posterior. This creates the lumbosacral angle between the lumbar region of the vertebrae and the sacrum.
How many vertebral foramen are there?
The intervertebral foramen is the opening between every two vertebrae where the nerve roots exit the spine. The nerve roots travel through the foramen to reach the rest of the body. There are two neural foramina between each pair of vertebrae—one on each side.
What is the most unique feature of the thoracic vertebrae?
The thoracic vertebrae are a group of twelve small bones that form the vertebral spine in the upper trunk. Thoracic vertebrae are unique among the bones of the spine in that they are the only vertebrae that support ribs and have overlapping spinous processes.
What are the symptoms of thoracic spine nerve damage?
What Are the Symptoms of Thoracic Spine Nerve Damage?
- Significant leg weakness or loss of sensation.
- Loss of feeling in genitals or rectal region.
- No control of urine or stool.
- Fever and lower back pain.
- A fall or injury that caused the pain.
What is the name of the top vertebrae in your spine?
The Atlas: The Top Bone in Your Cervical Spine
The atlas is also known as C1, and while other bones in your spine are numbered in such a way (eg, the first bone is your lumbar spine is known as L1), this vertebra is much different in shape and function compared to the rest of your vertebrae.
Which vertebrae is the strongest?
Lumbar Spine: In your low back, you have 5 vertebrae that are labeled L1 to L5 (the ‘L’ means lumbar). Some people have 6 lumbar vertebrae. These vertebrae are your largest and strongest vertebrae, responsible for carrying a lot of your body’s weight.
What are the top 7 vertebrae called?
Regions of the Spine
Cervical (neck)- the top seven vertebrae/bones are called C1-C7. Thoracic (upper back)- the next 12 vertebrae/bones are called T1-T12. Lumbar (lower back)- the next five vertebrae/bones are called L1-L5.
What are the 3 main parts of a vertebra?
The normal anatomy of the spine is usually described by dividing up the spine into three major sections: the cervical, the thoracic, and the lumbar spine.
What is inside the vertebral foramen?
The vertebral foramen houses the spinal cord and its meninges. This large tunnel running up and down inside all of the vertebrae contains the spinal cord and is typically called the spinal canal, not the vertebral foramen.
What travels down the vertebral foramen?
A number of structures pass through the foramen. These are the root of each spinal nerve, the spinal artery of the segmental artery, communicating veins between the internal and external plexuses, recurrent meningeal (sinu-vertebral) nerves, and transforaminal ligaments.
What is the job of the 12 thoracic vertebrae?
Thoracic (mid back) – the main function of the thoracic spine is to hold the rib cage and protect the heart and lungs. The twelve thoracic vertebrae are numbered T1 to T12. The range of motion in the thoracic spine is limited. Lumbar (low back) – the main function of the lumbar spine is to bear the weight of the body.
What is unique about the sacral vertebrae?
The sacrum is a large wedge shaped vertebra at the inferior end of the spine. It forms the solid base of the spinal column where it intersects with the hip bones to form the pelvis. The sacrum is a very strong bone that supports the weight of the upper body as it is spread across the pelvis and into the legs.
What features are unique to lumbar vertebrae?
Typical lumbar vertebrae have several features distinct from those typical of cervical or thoracic vertebrae. The most notable distinction is the presence of a large vertebral body. The spinous process is short and thick, relative to the size of the vertebra, and projects perpendicularly from the body.