Question: What Halogen Has The Largest Atomic Radius?

(B) Trends in the Atomic Radius of Group 17 (VIIA, Halogens) Elements

Element Atomic Number (Z) Trend
fluorine 9 (smallest) ↓
chlorine 17
bromine 35
iodine 53 ↓ (largest)

Which elements have the largest atomic radius?

Atomic radii vary in a predictable way across the periodic table. As can be seen in the figures below, the atomic radius increases from top to bottom in a group, and decreases from left to right across a period. Thus, helium is the smallest element, and francium is the largest.

Which of the following has the largest atomic radius?

The element which has the largest atomic radius is Cesium. Atomic Radius is defined as the distance between the center of the nucleus and the outermost shell of an atom. Cesium has 6 orbital shells, which means that it automatically is big.

Which element has the smallest atomic radius in period 3?

This is because the number of protons increases (sodium has 11, argon has 18) so the nuclear charge increases. Therefore, the attraction between the positive nucleus and negative electrons in the outer shell increases, so the atomic radius (the distance between the nucleus and the outer shell) decreases.

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What is the largest atom in the third period of the periodic table?

Which is the largest atom in the third period of the periodic table? Atomic radius is the distance between the nucleus of an atom and its valence shell.

Why does potassium have a larger atomic radius than calcium?

Obviously potassium(K) because it has less number of protons in nucleus as well as less number of electrons in its orbit as compare to calcium(Ca) therefore it has less attraction force between orbit and centre nucleus than calcium. K has a larger radius, because K has 19 protons with it and Ca has 20 protons.

Which element has the largest atomic radius in period 2?

(A) Trends in the Atomic Radius of Elements in Period 2

Element Li Be
Energy Level being filled (Valence Shell) second (L) second (L)
Nuclear Charge (charge on all protons) 3+ 4+
Atomic Radius (pm) 134 90
General Trend (largest)

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Which element has the largest atomic radius as NP SB?

antimony

Why atomic radius increases down a group?

– The number of energy levels increases as you move down a group as the number of electrons increases. Each subsequent energy level is further from the nucleus than the last. Therefore, the atomic radius increases as the group and energy levels increase. 2) As you move across a period, atomic radius decreases.

Which atom is the largest?

Atomic radii vary in a predictable way across the periodic table. As can be seen in the figures below, the atomic radius increases from top to bottom in a group, and decreases from left to right across a period. Thus, helium is the smallest element, and francium is the largest.

Why does argon have a larger atomic radius?

Argon is bigger than chlorine because argon being inert it’s outermost shell is completely filled thus a force of repulsion acts between the outermost electron and the nucleus causing it to grow bigger in size than chlorine.

What’s the smallest atomic radius?

Atomic Radius of the elements

Helium 31 pm 247 pm
Neon 38 pm 253 pm
Fluorine 42 pm 265 pm
Oxygen 48 pm 298 pm
Hydrogen 53 pm N/A

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Which group of elements has the highest electron affinities?

Even though Fluorine is expected to have the highest electron affinity as it has the highest electron negativity, it is not. The answer is Chlorine.

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Which atom is bigger Na or Mg Why?

Na is bigger than Mg because atomic radius of sodium is greater than that of Mg.

What is the name of the 4th halogen?

In the second column from the right side of the periodic table, you will find Group Seventeen (Group XVII). This column is the home of the halogen family of elements. Who is in this family? The elements included are fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), and astatine (At).

What is the 3rd element?

The third period contains eight elements: sodium, magnesium, aluminium, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur, chlorine, and argon. All of the period 3 elements occur in nature and have at least one stable isotope.

Which has larger radius mg or CA?

Calcium has a larger atomic radius than Magnesium. If you look on the period table you will notice Magnesium atomic number is 12, while Calcium is 20.

Is calcium CA harder or softer than potassium k )? Why?

Both potassium and calcium are metals. In addition, potassium atoms have only one valence electron, while calcium atoms have two. Since there will be more delocalized electrons per atom throughout calcium than potassium, the bond strength is stronger in calcium than potassium.

Why does lithium have the largest atomic radius?

As we go from Li to F, atomic radius of the atoms will DECREASE. This is due to increased nuclear charge (number of protons within each atom). This means the increased nuclear charge has a greater force of attraction on the electrons, drawing them closer to the nucleus, hence causing a decrease in atomic radius.

Which element has smallest radius?

Atomic Radius of the elements

Helium 31 pm 247 pm
Neon 38 pm 253 pm
Fluorine 42 pm 265 pm
Oxygen 48 pm 298 pm
Hydrogen 53 pm N/A

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Why size of atom does not decrease regularly in a period?

Atomic size is difficult to measure because it has no definite boundary. The electrons surrounding the nucleus exist in an electron cloud. Going across a period (from left to right), the number of protons increases and therefore the nuclear charge increases.

Which of the group 13 elements is the largest?

Properties and Periodic Trends

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Elemental Symbol Atomic Number (Z)
Aluminum Al 13
Gallium Ga 31
Indium In 49
Thallium Th 81

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Who is the smallest element?

What Are the Smallest Particles of an Element?

H 1 Hydrogen 1.00794 Periodic Table
Rb 37 Rubidium 85.4678 Sr 38 Strontium 87.62 Zr 40 Zirconium 91.224
Cs 55 Caesium 132.9054 Ba 56 Barium 132.9054 Hf 72 Hafnium 178.49
Fr 87 Francium (223) Ra 88 Radium (226) Rf 104 Rutherfordium (267)
La 57 Lanthanum 138.90547

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What total mass is the smallest?

If by “biggest” and “smallest”, you mean mass (which is a measure of how much matter is there), then the smallest is the hydrogen atom with one proton and one electron. Since electrons are about 2000 times less massive than protons (and neutrons), then the mass of an atom is mostly from the protons and neutrons.

How can you tell which atom is larger?

Periodic Trends of Atomic Radius

  • An atom gets larger as the number of electronic shells increase; therefore the radius of atoms increases as you go down a certain group in the periodic table of elements.
  • In general, the size of an atom will decrease as you move from left to the right of a certain period.

Why is E higher than F in CL?

Fluorine, though higher than chlorine in the periodic table, has a very small atomic size. This makes the fluoride anion so formed unstable (highly reactive) due to a very high charge/mass ratio. As a result, fluorine has an electron affinity less than that of chlorine.

Which element has the largest atomic radius?

Atomic radii vary in a predictable way across the periodic table. As can be seen in the figures below, the atomic radius increases from top to bottom in a group, and decreases from left to right across a period. Thus, helium is the smallest element, and francium is the largest.

Why does electron affinity increase from left to right?

The less valence electrons an atom has, the least likely it will gain electrons. Electron affinity decreases down the groups and from right to left across the periods on the periodic table because the electrons are placed in a higher energy level far from the nucleus, thus a decrease from its pull.

Photo in the article by “Wikipedia” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_relativity

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